Toyota 4Runner manuals

Toyota 4Runner: System Description

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

1. BRIEF DESCRIPTION

(a) The CAN (Controller Area Network) is a serial data communication system for real-time application. It is a vehicle multiplex communication system which has a high communication speed (500 kbps, 250 kbps) and the ability to detect malfunctions.

(b) By pairing the CANH and CANL bus lines, the CAN performs communication based on differential voltages.

(c) Many ECUs (sensors) installed on the vehicle operate by sharing information and communicating with each other.

(d) The CAN has 2 resistors of 120 Ω which are necessary to communicate using the main wire.

2. DEFINITION OF TERMS

(a) Main wire

(1) The main wire is a wire harness between the 2 termination circuits on the bus (communication line). This is the main bus in the CAN communication system.

(b) Branch wire

(1) The branch wire is a wire harness which diverges from the main wire to an ECU or sensor.

(c) Termination circuits

(1) The termination circuit is a circuit which converts the communication current of the CAN communication into the bus voltage. It consists of a resistor and capacitor. 2 termination circuits are necessary on a bus.

(d) CAN junction connector

(1) The CAN junction connector is designed so that it can be used with CAN communication which has a termination circuit and CAN communication which does not have a termination circuit.

3. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

(a) The V1 bus, power management bus*1 and MS bus*2 *3 each have termination circuits with a resistance of 120 Ω x 2. High speed communication at 500 kbps and 250 kbps is possible.

  • *1: w/ Smart Key System
  • *2: w/ CRAWL Control
  • *3: w/ Seat Position Memory

4. ECUS OR SENSORS WHICH COMMUNICATE VIA CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

(a) Combination meter assembly

(b) Skid control ECU (master cylinder solenoid)*1

(c) Airbag sensor assembly

(d) Main body ECU (multiplex network body ECU)

(e) DLC3

(f) Steering angle sensor (spiral cable sub-assembly)

(g) Navigation receiver assembly*2

(h) Radio and display receiver assembly*3

(i) Certification ECU (smart key ECU assembly)*4

(j) Power management control ECU*4

(k) Yaw rate sensor assembly

(l) Power steering ECU assembly

(m) Four wheel drive control ECU*1

(n) Skid control ECU (brake actuator assembly)*5

(o) Stabilizer control ECU*6

(p) Air conditioning amplifier assembly

(q) ECM

(r) Drive monitor switch*7

(s) Front power seat switch LH*8

  • *1: for 4WD
  • *2: for Navigation Receiver Type
  • *3: for Radio and Display Receiver Type
  • *4: w/ Smart Key System
  • *5: for 2WD
  • *6: w/ Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System
  • *7: w/ CRAWL Control
  • *8: w/ Seat Position Memory

5. DIAGNOSTIC CODES FOR CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

(a) DTCs for the CAN communication system are as follows: U0073, U0100, U0101, U0114, U0122, U0123, U0124, U0126, U0129, U0131, U0140, U0142, U0151, U0155, U0163, U0164, U0208, U0327, U1002, U1133 and U1114.

6. NOTES REGARDING TROUBLESHOOTING

(a) Trouble in the CAN bus (communication line) can be checked through the DLC3 (except when there is a wire break in the branch wire of the DLC3).

(b) DTCs regarding the CAN communication system can be checked using the Techstream.

(c) The CAN communication system cannot detect trouble in the branch line of the DLC3 even though the DLC3 is also connected to the CAN communication system.

7. HOW TO DISTINGUISH CAN JUNCTION CONNECTOR CONNECTORS

(a) In the CAN communication system, the shape of all connectors connected to the CAN junction connector is the same.

The connectors connected to the CAN junction connector can be distinguished by the colors of the bus line and the connecting side of the connector.

HINT:

Refer to "Terminals of ECU" (See page ) for
bus line color or the connecting side of the connector.

Parts Location
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